What’s On 2018?

As mercury hits over 40 degrees Celsius in most states of the country in January, the Bureau of Meteorology has released a data showing that 2017 toppled weather records nationwide. Climate change is also noted as driving up global temperatures. Last year was the third hottest on record in Australia and seven of Australia’s ten hottest years have occurred since 2005.

Climate Councillor Professor Will Steffen said the exceptionally warm year included some of the worst impacts of climate change seen in Australia to date, including severe heatwaves and devastating coral bleaching of the Great Barrier Reef. Read more.

Image: Bureau of Meteorology

While temperature is soaring high, it has already posed a massive threat to the Great Barrier Reef, including coral bleaching. There are other challenges like water pollution, fishing, industrialisation, and governance. There has been an ongoing resistance against industrialisation in Abbot Point along with the government’s approval of Adani to dredge close to the marine park. Various conservation groups have been up in arms to stop the project once and for all. Groups include Greenpeace, WWF, Fight For the Reef, GetUp, and much more.

Bleached magnificent sea anemone (Heteractis magnifica) with clownfish (Amphiprion percula). Lizard Island, March 2016.

On marine conservation, the Sea Shepherd has been relentless in its pursuit to stop the Japanese Whaling Fleet from routine killing of whales in the Southern Ocean. The International Court of Justice has ruled out that whaling in the area is illegal but the Japanese is unstoppable. The marine conservation group has vowed to take action with the law and the Australian people behind them.

Yushin Maru and the Kyo Maru No.1 transfer whales to the Nisshin Maru factory ship, Southern Ocean/ Dec 21, 2005

There are other agenda for the year including Australia’s commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement to lower temperature below 2 Degrees Celsius. Various solutions have been on the table that are yet to be worked on.

 

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Carbon tax repeal faces hurdle

Re-posting:

When Australia’s Prime Minister Tony Abbott won the election last year, his priority agenda included the repeal of carbon tax. Following his oath-taking, he wasted no time to abolish the Australian Climate Council. Climate-related projects introduced by the Labor Government were scheduled to be scrapped shortly.

On Monday, his Government’s plan faced a drawback. The Upper House blocked his attempt to repeal the carbon tax by rejecting the passage of a billl to abolish the Climate Change Authority.

The Labor-Green coalition knocked back the legislation to disband the authority. The authority was created during the Julia Gillard Government to oversee the implementation of the clean energy laws, which include the carbon tax.

The bill was amended by Labor Senator Louise Prat, but  defeated on the  second reading- 38 votes against 32. It can be re-introduced in three months, but a second rejection would trigger a double dissolution.

Australia’s carbon tax puts price on industrial carbon emissions.

The Greens Senator Christine Milne has already announced victory to supporters although Environment Minister Greg Hunt is unhappy about the outcome “as if an election was never held,” he mumbled.

The Abbott Government knows that any attempt to push for the carbon tax would slow down business and investments- an “industrial slow down.” Hunt had accused Labor of “blocking a tax on basic state services with hospitals, schools and police all impacted by the carbon tax.”

While environmental groups are celebrating, the Australian Conservation Foundation said the authority would now be able to continue its work until the new Senate takes over in July.  Milne said the government could bring this legislation back before the Senate in three months taking into account of the new composition of the legislative body.

Australian Greens Senator Christine Milne

Milne said the authority could continue to provide Australia with high quality independent advice on global warming and a rigorous review of the renewable energy target. She told reporters,“I am delighted that today the Senate has defeated Tony Abbott’s push to try and tear apart a science-based recommendation and go with his anti-science obsession.’’

The authority is mandated to govern Australia’s mitigation policies, undertake reviews and make recommendations on various issues, including emissions reduction targets and carbon budgets, renewable energy targets, the carbon farming initiative, and national greenhouse and energy reporting system.

Abbott disbanded the  Climate Council shortly after he was sworn in as the new prime minister  last year. The council was commissioned to  provide independent and authoritative climate change information to the Australian public “based on the best science available.”

Blog Link: The Green Journal at Asian Correspondent