Lower House passes offshore asylum processing

Risky arrivals of boat people are non-stop–usually with a tragic end. (Photo: AAP)

Human smuggling is unstoppable. Two incidents of capsized vessels near the Christmas Island are reported this week. Rescue operations have been dispatched to look for survivors.

It has became all-too-ordinary when people are crammed into a boat and sail on treacherous waters with high hopes of reaching Australia— then the boat sinks before it reaches the northern shores.

The Parliament convened this afternoon and grappled with a long-awaited solution. The Lower House finally passed a bill to allow the offshore processing of asylum seekers, a move the Julia Gillard’s Labor Party has been pushing for.

Authored by Independent Rob Oakeshott, the legislation passed 74 votes to 72 following a heated and emotional debate that lasted for almost six hours. Even crossbenchers are reported to have sided with the Government.

Independent MPs Andrew Wilkie, Rob Oakeshott, and Tony Windsor listen during the bill deliberation. (Photo: Alex Allinghausen)

Gillard said a law is needed for the border protection and to assure the legal certainly of offshore processing of asylum seekers.

She told the Parliament it would an act of destruction not to pass laws removing the legal uncertainty over offshore processing of asylum seekers.  ”We are on the verge of getting the laws we need….It would be tremendous act of destruction and tremendous denial of the national interest … to conduct yourself in a way which means there are no laws, ” the Age reported.

The bill is aimed at bridging the government’s proposed changes to the Migration Act to allow offshore processing in Malaysia against opposition demands for humanitarian safeguards.

It will allow an immigration minister to designate any nation as an ”offshore assessment country” as long as it was party to the Bali Process, which includes Malaysia.

The coalition had wanted to ensure refugees were only sent to countries which had signed the UN refugee convention, which would exclude Malaysia.

The Australian Greens, however, are not amenable with the proposed legislation. Media reports say they will block the bill in the Senate, and want all parties to take part in a committee to find a long-term solution that respects human rights.

Greens MP Adam Bandt said he would not support the bill ” [because] it rips up the Refugee Convention”.

The bill is now scheduled to face the Senate.

Blog Link: Asian Correspondent

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Alternatives to the Ill-fated Malaysian Solution

Holidays rush in and with the latest boat people tragedy, the government is re-thinking what went wrong. The ruling party is coming to the roundtable to consider the alternatives. News Limited has this illustrated summary:

And here’s the link to the Care Factor: Missing the boat of an ssylum seeker solution. The Journo will endeavour to review the report.

Prosecute people smugglers, but how?

Shipwrecks will not deter refugees or asylum seekers to take the boat off to Australia- the metaphorical Utopia or Promise Land where people can play cricket or surf the net all day.

About 200 people or more from Arab countries, are feared dead at sea 200 km off Java Island of Indonesia when the overloaded boat they boarded sunk on Saturday. Only three dozens of survivors are so far accounted for, but do not rely on numbers which government statisticians can easily tweak. These people are reportedly come from Dubai and flew into Jakarta to be transported to Australia by boat.

A survivor wails after being rescued

Depending on which media you are reading, each Arab paid $500 each to Indonesian airport authorities and $6,000 each to board an Australian-bound boat. The Sydney Morning Herald’s Editorial wonders if the Indonesian authorities did not notice these Arab-looking people entering Jakarta without valid visas. Then all these desperate people queued on a port where they took the boat with a capacity of 100– there were 200 passengers.

The ABC reports that this latest tragedy costs over $600,000, a hefty amount which went into the pockets of people smugglers.

The boat captain and crew members are said to be safe. Before the boat sank, they grabbed their life vests and swam away.

Australian media say this exemplifies another well-organised people smuggling stirring further debates on Australia’s immigration policies.

This latest tragedy also coincides with the first death anniversary of about 50 asylum seekers who were shipwrecked on the stormy waters off Australia’s Christmas Island. Two weeks ago, another boat tragedy took place nearby.

A statistics from the Australian Parliament House shows that this year, 28 boats carrying 1675 people have been intercepted on Australian waters (as of June)– a sifnificant decrease from 124 boats loading 6879 people in 2010.

Earlier this year, the Julia Gillard Government approved the so-called Malaysian Solution, a policy to process asylum seekers offshore in exchange for the intake of genuine refugees. Gillard pinned hopes that this solution will stop people smuggling. The latest tragedy, however, proves she is wrong.

Other survivors receive treatment at a temporary shlter in Indonesia (Photo AFP Getty)

Time and again, boat tragedies tell stories of lost lives and broken dreams. News Limited reports an account of a survivor: 

Esmat Adine, 24, a Hazara refugee from Afghanistan said he “tried to find a suitable and legal way” but after being told he wouldn’t be eligible for a student visa to Deakin University until 2013 – and fearing for his life – he fled to Jakarta.

“I was arrested by the Taliban last year and imprisoned for 16 days where they beat me and made me sleep on a dead body,” he said.

“I registered with UNHCR in Jakarta who said it could take one year but I have a wife and three-month-old daughter at home and this is the quickest way.

“We had to go so we decided to go the quickest way. There are many, many people. They are waiting in Jakarta, waiting for the boat. Most of them, they are sure they will get to Australia.

Refugees and asylum seekers have nothing to lose and nowhere to go to. Adine was quoted further by News Ltd as saying, “If Australia does not accept our request now, we will do (it) again because we have nothing.”

If the inter-governmental solutions are not workable, can’t the governments arrest and prosecute human smugglers? They should, but how?

News Link: Asian Correspondent